Based largely on an International Commission on Dynamical Meteorology (ICDM) workshop, this timely volume, written by leading researchers in the field, covers a range of important research issues related to high-impact weather and extreme climate events. Dynamical linkages between these extremes and various atmospheric and ocean phenomena are examined, including Atlantic Multidecadal, North Atlantic, and Madden-Julian Oscillations; Annular Modes; tropical cyclones; and Asian monsoons. This book also examines the predictability of high-impact weather and extreme climate events on multiple time scales. Highlighting recent research and new advances in the field, this book enhances understanding of dynamical and physical processes associated with these events to help managers and policy makers make informed decisions to manage risk and prevent or mitigate disasters. It also provides guidance on future research directions in atmospheric science, meteorology, climate science, and weather forecasting, for experts and young scientists.
Marketing for Tourism, Hospitality & Events highlights the shifts in tourism demographics with particular emphasis on the role of digital technology and its impact on travel products and services. The authors look at a broad range of topics including contemporary tourism marketing, understanding today's consumer, successful tourism products and services and the importance of public relations and personal selling. This is supported by a collection of chapter specific international case-studies that highlight the realities of tourism and hospitality marketing in practice, these include: ? * Spiritual Tourism in Tamil Nadu * The Deer Hunt Festival, Winneba, Ghana * Music-themed hotels in Prague, Amsterdam, Berlin and Mexico * Promoting Hawaii Through Film and Television * Martinhal Beach Resort, Portugal * Dark Tourism in Vietnam To further enhance the text, the authors have included three key features in each chapter: Lessons from a Marketing Guru; Digital Spotlight and Marketing in Action; all of which use examples and case studies from across the industry, providing added depth to the subject. The book is complimented by a companion website featuring a range of tools and resources for lecturers and students, including PowerPoint slides, an instructors manual and selected videos to make the examples in each chapter come to life. Ideal for undergraduate and postgraduate students looking for an introductory text to marketing for tourism, hospitality and events.
The book offers a detailed guide to temporal ordering, exploring open problems in the field and providing solutions and extensive analysis. It addresses the challenge of automatically ordering events and times in text. Aided by TimeML, it also describes and presents concepts relating to time in easy-to-compute terms. Working out the order that events and times happen has proven difficult for computers, since the language used to discuss time can be vague and complex. Mapping out these concepts for a computational system, which does not have its own inherent idea of time, is, unsurprisingly, tough. Solving this problem enables powerful systems that can plan, reason about events, and construct stories of their own accord, as well as understand the complex narratives that humans express and comprehend so naturally.
This book presents a theory and data-driven analysis of temporal ordering, leading to the identification of exactly what is difficult about the task. It then proposes and evaluates machine-learning solutions for the major difficulties.
It is a valuable resource for those working in machine learning for natural language processing as well as anyone studying time in language, or involved in annotating the structure of time in documents.