The Cenacle (from Latin cenaculum dining room, later spelt coenaculum and semantically drifting towards upper room), also known as the Upper Room, is a room in Jerusalem traditionally held to be the site of the Last Supper. The word is a derivative of the Latin word c?n?, which means I dine. The Gospel of Mark employs the Greek anagaion, (Mark 14:15), whereas the Acts of the Apostles uses Greek: t? ???????, hyper?on (Acts 1:13), both with the meaning upper room. The language in Acts suggests that the apostles used the Upper Room as a temporary residence (Greek), although the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary disagrees, preferring to see the room as a place were they were not lodged, but had for their place of rendezvous.
Jerome used the Latin coenaculum for both Greek words in his Latin Vulgate translation. In Christian tradition, the Upper Room was not only the site of the Last Supper (i.e. the Cenacle), but the room in which the Holy Spirit alighted upon the eleven apostles after Easter. It is sometimes thought to be the place where the apostles stayed in Jerusalem and, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, it was "the first Christian church".
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